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Kilifi: About our region

Kilifi County is a county at the coast of Kenya. It is located north and northeast of Mombasa and was formed in 2010 as a result of a merger of Kilifi District and Malindi District.

Its capital is Kilifi, which is a cosmopolitan town with mixed ethnic groups. The largest town in Kilifi county is Malindi with a population of 119.859 people. But most parts of Kilifi county are rural areas. The region covers an area of 12,245.90 km² (4.728.17 sq mi).

Population of Kilifi County

The whole county has a population of 1.453.787 people. Most of them are from the Mijikenda tribes; mainly Giriama and Chonyi. In cities like Kilifi or Malindi do live some Europeans and Asians as well such as Indians, British, German or Italian people.




The area’s economy is dominated by agriculture, dairy and crop farming. Kilifi district was known for being a producer of cashew nuts since 1930. But the industrial sector grows steadily. Kilifi town for example is transforming from a traditional fishing village to a city of basic industries and services such as Banking and Retail business.

Kilifi is also home to several organizations like World Vision or Pwani University.


In Kilifi county the weather is generally warm throughout the year (above 25°C) which is why the region is popular with tourists. The region is also known for its tourist beaches in Kilifi, Kikambala, Watamu and Malindi.

If your interested, take a look at some pictures of Kilifi. It’s beautiful.

Medical infrastructure

The biggest public hospital in the area is Kilifi County Hospital, which supports the KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme. It’s a large medical research center that works on malaria and childhood infections.

Several private hospitals like Huruma Tele Medical Clinic cover the more rural areas of Kilifi county.

Schools and Education

Kilifi county has 935 pre-schools, 492 primary schools and 120 secondary schools. For further education there are 13 youth polytechnics and two colleges offering medical training.

Pwani University is the only public university in the area.


80 percent of the households in the county use wood for cooking and lighting. Other energy sources are electricity, paraffin and solar energy. The county is currently promoting the use of renewable energy.


Kilifi county has a mobile telephone coverage of 75 percent. In the bigger cities and urban areas there are 70 cyber cafes where people can use laptops and computers.


Nearly 60 percent of the houses in Kilifi county are built of mud and wood. The main floor material is earth with 73.5 percent. Houses made of bricks make only 22 percent.